References and Sources for FactsThe Rising Incidence of Intentional Ingestion of Ethanol-Containing Hand Sanitizers http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
pmc/articles/PMC3408316/Can Intensive Use of Alcohol-Based Hand Rubs Lead to Passive Alcoholization?Alcohol Free Reduces Absenteeism http://www.fau.edu/facilities/ ehs/info/Hand- SanitizerElmSchool.pdfHolding Thermal Receipt Paper and Eating Food after Using Hand Sanitizer Results in High Serum Bioactive and Urine Total Levels of Bisphenol A (BPA)Hand Washing Problems and Solutions –http://www.handclens.com/ pdfs/studies/9Handwash_Solu_ ICT_Article.pdf1. About.com Can You Drink Hand Sanitizer – http://chemistry.about.com/od/toxicchemicals/a/Can-You-Drink-Hand-Sanitizer.htm – Drugs.com Alcohol use while Breastfeeding http://www.drugs.com/breastfeeding/alcohol.html3. Instant Hand Sanitizer Kills 99.99% ofMost Common Germs That May Cause Illness. 2nd last paragraph https://www.gojo.com/~/media/GOJO/Countries/USA/Brands/PURELL/Files/Resources/PURELL_faq.pdf4.University of Florida – http://news.ufl.edu/archive/2011/05/germ-killing-sanitizers-could-have-effect-on-alcohol-tests.html6 Nurse Compaints about Alcohol Hand Sanitzer- allnurses.com – http://allnurses.com/general-nursing-discussion/hand-sanitizer-destorying-445355.html7. AORN jorunal 68 1998 p239 Dyer Gerenarich Wadhams “Testing A New Alcohol-Free Hand Sanitizer to Combat Infection – https://images-na.ssl-images-amazon.com/images/I/D1laIHNPz8S.pdfAlso SC Harvey, “Antiseptics and disinfectants; fungicides; ectoparasiticides,” in Goodman and Gilman’s ThePharmacological Basis ofTherapeutics, sixth ed, AG Gilman, LS Goodman, A Gilman eds (New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1980)964-987;8. http://www.oregonlive.com/pacific-northwest-news/index.ssf/2012/05/woodburn_high_fire_started_by.html9. PURELL® and Flammability –http://www.gojo.com/united-states/about-gojo/newsroom/corporate-statements/purell-flammability.aspx?sc_lang=en10. CDC – http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/tracking/ and 1.7 Million HAIs in 2002 Hospital-Acquired Infections Due to Gram-Negative Bacteriahttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3107499/11. (Grant money used by GMeasuring Hand Hygiene Adherence – Joint Commission P.2 http://www.jointcommission.org/assets/1/18/hh_monograph.pdf and Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/rr/rr5116.pdf12. CDC National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) http://www.cdc.gov/nhsn/dataStat.html13. Isn’t alcohol drying to the skin? – http://www.gojo.com/en/United- States/Brands/PURELL/ Resources/PURELL-resources/ FAQ.aspx***The Rising Incidence of Intentional Ingestion of Ethanol-Containing HandTHE 1994 MONOGRAPH WAS ALL DONE OUTSIDE THE UNITED STATES AT A LAB OWNED BY UNILEVER BRANDS. Any study marked R.J. Lambert, Joynson, Forbes…ectJoynson, J. A., B. Forbes, and R. J. Lambert, “Adaptive Resistance to BenzalkoniumChloride, Amikacin and Tobramycin: The Effect on Susceptibility to Other
Antimicrobials,” Journal of Applied Microbiology, 93:96–107, 2002.
Ronald Lambert is cited on these studies as Lambert RJ – Ronald Lambert Microbiology, Unilever Research Colworth, Sharnbrook, Bedfordshire MK44 1PT, UK
Sally Florence Bloomfield Unilever Labs wrote this study:
The effectiveness of hand hygiene procedures in reducing the risks of infections in home and community settings including handwashing and alcohol-based hand sanitizers http://www.ajicjournal.org/article/S0196-6553(07)00595-0/abstract